The term Syncopation refers to the technique of accenting the weak beats in the rhythm.
This can add rhythmic tension or create a groove.
There are a many different types of syncopation. Let’s take a look at a few of them.
Try clapping along as you count the examples and accent the blue numbers with harder claps.
Typically in meters that have an even amount of beats (2/4, 4/4) the accent falls on the odd numbered beats. If you accent the even numbered beats the rhythm becomes syncopated.
You can use accents to alter the feel of a common beat and make it more interesting. Here the accents give the beat a Latin feel.
By moving a melody note from a downbeat to an upbeat you can breath new life into an old melody and create a groove. Check out the first line to Mary Had a Little Lamb. This is also called anticipating the note.